Horse Hoof Anatomy
Structures of the Hoof
- Hoof wall: The hard, exterior "capsule" of the hoof.
- Coffin bone (also called the third phalanx, P3, or pedal bone): The largest, hoof- -shaped bone within the hoof capsule.
- Laminae: Velcrolike tissues within the hoof that suspend the coffin bone inside the hoof wall.
- Blood vessels and nerves: These supply the hoof tissues with critical oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products.
- Deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT): A tendon that attaches to the back of the coffin bone and runs up the backside of the hoof. The deep digital flexor tendon is a large component of how a horse flexes his foot each time he takes a step.
- Frog: The v-shaped, calluslike cushion on the underside of the hoof.
- Sole: The bottom of the hoof.
For More Information:
Hoof Care Winter Facts
Study of Changes of Hoof Wall and Hoof Morphology During Trotting Exercise in Horses