|First Posted: May 22, 2009|
Jan 10, 2017
The Many Faces of Arthritis in Horsesby Debora Johnson
Update on Joint Injections: Joint Injections/A Good Idea?
New: "...In summary, joint injections are indicated in horses with OA that are expected to perform at their peak level with a high exercise volume. There is currently no cure for this condition. Current drugs approved to treat OA in horses prevent further progression and decrease clinical signs." Indications for Joint Injections
There are many types of arthritis in horses. Arthritis is a nonspecific term denoting inflammation of a joint. All joint diseases of large animals have an inflammatory component to varying degrees. Some examples of different types of arthritis are: Traumatic Arthritis-Traumatic arthritis includes traumatic synovitis and capsulitis, intra-articular chip fractures, ligament tears (sprains) involving peri articular and intra-articular, arthritis of the shoulder joint-inflammation of the structures of the shoulder joint is uncommon. It is secondary to changes in the joint capsule or, more frequently, to bony changes, septic arthritis-(Infective arthritis) Etiology and Epidemiology: Septic or infective arthritis results from sequestration of bacterial infection in a joint, viral arthritis (Revisal infection, Teensy), arthritis and encephalitis, septic arthritis-Infectious arthritis is most frequently associated with bacterial agents such as staphylococci, streptococci, and coliform's, immune-mediated arthritis (Inflammatory poly arthritis secondary to deposition of immune complexes can produce erosive destruction of articular cartilage and subcontract bone). It is my personal belief that not all of the types of arthritis, in horses, have been identified.
Arthritis Merck Vet Manual
Osteoarthritis is one of the major problems of lameness in horses. You may hear it referred to as degenerative joint disease or DJD. At first you might notice that you horse feels "off" sometimes. He might short step or show some reluctance to impel forward. It comes and goes. You call your vet to do an exam. The vet tells you that your horse has arthritis. As noted above, arthritis affects many parts of the horse's body: the joints, the front fetlocks, the coffin joints, the navicular bones in the front feet, the stifle, the spinal column and even the eyes may be impacted.
Understand Joints and How They Work
At the present time there is no cure for arthritis. It can be managed with pain medication and anti-inflammatories. Eventually the horse will have difficulty working even with management attempts. At this point decisions have to be made as to how to proceed. This decision is one only the owner can make.