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Farm Management
First Posted Sept 30, 2008
Jul 30, 2010

Establishing Native Warm Season Grasses

by Debora Johnson

The following is a compilation of information. All links and citations are included. I did not write this information, only compiled it. The links provided I found to be extremely beneficial for visual images as well as descriptions of the different categories mentioned below.

What is a native grass?
A native grass is one that existed in nature where it is currently growing.
All Native Grass Images

What Is An Introduced Grass?
An introduced grass is one that, although may be common, did not exist naturally where it is currently growing.
Images-Views of Introduced Grasses

How do I plant prairiegrass?
Read this article to learn more about planting methods.
Native warm-season grasses (nwsg) can be easily established by following a few details that are different from establishing cool-season grasses.

Grasslands Management
Establishing Wildlife Grasses
Warm Season vs Cool Season Grasses

Cool-Season Pasture Grasses

  • Intermediate Wheatgrass
  • Orchardgrass
  • Pubescent Wheatgrass
  • Smooth Bromegrass
  • Meadow Bromegrass
  • Timothy

Warm-Season Pasture Grasses

  • Big Bluestem
  • Indiangrass

"Nitrogen is an important fertilizer for both farmers and gardeners alike. Legumes have a nitrogen fixing ability (due to a symbiotic relationship with rhizobia, a bacteria, found in the root nodules).

Legumes can be used as a rotational crop to replenish soil that has been depleted of nitrogen.

Farmed legumes fall into two classes: forage and grain:

Forage legumes, like Crimson Clover, Red Clover, Crownvetch, Hairy Vetch, and Birdsfoot Trefoil are sown in pasture and grazed by livestock. The seed and foliage of forage legumes have a comparatively higher protein content than non-legume material due to the additional nitrogen that legumes receive through the symbiotic relationship with the rhizobia.

Grain legumes, such as beans, lentils, lupins, peas, and peanuts are cultivated for their seeds (also called pulses). These seeds are used for consumption (or oil production).

Because of their deep tap root, legumes are also included in many erosion control mixtures such as our roadside mixture, and our forage base mixture."

Prairie and Turf Grasses

Farm Management Index