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First Posted: May 5, 2010
Oct 11, 2010

Miller Brothers: Edward, Clell, and Jim Outlaws

Edward Miller

Edward T. Miller (outlaw)

Edward T. Miller (ca. 1856 - December, 1881) was a Missouri born outlaw and a younger brother of outlaw Clell Miller. Little is known about Miller, except that he took part in several robberies with Jesse James, especially after the downfall of Jesse's James-Younger gang. They robbed a train in Glendale, Missouri, in 1879 and one in Blue Cut, Missouri, in 1881.

It is believed that Miller was killed by Jesse James in December 1881. According to some sources he was killed for talking too much about the Kansas City Fair robbery, which took place in 1872. Others say Miller became drunk one night and told a marshal about a train robbery that was to take place in the near future. According to family history, however, Miller and James faked Edward's death in order for him to leave the James-Younger gang. Edward moved to Kentucky where he lived the rest of his life.

Clell Miller

Clell Miller (outlaw)

Clell Miller (January 9, 1850 - September 7, 1876) (also known as Cleland D. Miller or Clenand Miller or McClelland Miller) was an outlaw with the James-Younger Gang who was killed during the gang's robbery at Northfield, Minnesota. Miller was born on either January 9, 1850 (the date on his tombstone) or December 15, 1849 in Kearney, Missouri. His younger brother Edward T. Miller also joined the gang and was allegedly killed by Jesse James in 1881.

At the age of just 14, Clell Miller joined Bloody Bill Anderson's guerrillas during the American Civil War. He was captured during the skirmish in which Anderson was killed on October 26, 1864. This was Miller's first and only war time combat, and he was lucky not to have been executed by his captors. However, because of his youth he was sent to St. Louis, Missouri at the Gratiot Street Prison. His father obtained his released in April 1865, perjuring himself by saying the family had always been Union supporters. Miller was described as being 5 foot 8 inches tall, with dark reddish auburn hair.

The following James gang events were allegedly attributed to Miller:

  • June 3, 1871 - Ocobock Brothers' Bank at Corydon, Iowa. The Pinkerton Detective Agency was hired to pursue the gang and Miller was captured in July by a detective Westphal. He posted bail and never went to trial.
  • April 29, 1872 - Bank of Columbia at Columbia, Kentucky. Cashier R. A. C. Martin was killed and bystander James Garrett wounded.
  • May 27, 1873 - Ste. Genevieve Savings Bank at Ste. Genevieve, Missouri.
  • January 15, 1874 - Stagecoach at Hot Springs, Arkansas.
  • January 31, 1874 - Train at Gad's Hill, Missouri
  • February 1874 - Craig and Son General Store of Bentonville, Arkansas
  • April/May 1874 - Stagecoach at Austin, Texas
  • December 8, 1874 - Kansas Pacific Railroad at Muncie, Kansas
  • April 12, 1875 - The killing of Daniel Askew, a neighbor in Kearney who was allegedly helping the Pinkertons
  • ate April 1875 - The killing of a Pinkerton agent Jack Ladd
  • July 7, 1876 - Missouri Pacific Railroad robbery at Otterville, Missouri
On September 7, 1876 Miller was shot and killed by townspeople in the robbery attempt on the First National Bank of Northfield, along with outlaw Bill Chadwell and bank cashier Joseph Lee Heywood and citizen Nicholas Gustavson. Wounded in the fight were Frank James, Charlie Pitts {later killed}, Cole Younger, Jim Younger, and Bob Younger as well as Northfield citizen Alonzo E. Bunker.

Miller's body was photographed and then buried in Northfield. However, his father claimed the body and Miller was buried at Muddy Fork Cemetery in Kearney.

Jim Miller

Jim Miller (outlaw)

Outlaw and assassin of the American Old West who was lynched by a mob of angry citizens over his assassination of a former Deputy U.S. Marshall. Miller was born during 1861 in Van Buren, Arkansas. Miller's father, Jacob Miller, was born in Pennsylvania in 1801, was a stone mason, and helped build the first capitol building in Austin, Texas. Miller's mother, Cynthia Basham, was born in Tennessee in 1827. Frequently circulated stories that both of Miller's parents died when he was very young, and that he killed both his grandparents when he was eight years old, are untrue. The 1880 census records him as being nineteen years old, living in Coryell County, Texas with his siblings and widowed mother. In 1884, at age twenty-three, Miller was arrested for the murder of his sister's husband John Coop, who had been killed by a shotgun blast while he was sleeping. Miller was convicted and sentenced to life in prison: however, the conviction was appealed, and he was acquitted for lack of evidence.