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Abstracts and Studies
First Posted: Aug 19, 2012
Aug 19, 2012

Zoledronate for treatment of a bone fragility disorder in horses/Study

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Jun 1;240(11):1323-8.
Use of zoledronate for treatment of a bone fragility disorder in horses.
Katzman SA, Nieto JE, Arens AM, MacDonald MH, Puchalski SM, Galuppo LD, Snyder JR, Maher O, Bell RJ.
Source: William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. sakatzman@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical outcomes and scintigraphic findings in horses with a bone fragility disorder (BFD) treated with zoledronate (a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate).

DESIGN: Prospective uncontrolled clinical trial.

ANIMALS: 10 horses with evidence of a BFD.

PROCEDURES: Signalment, history, and geographic location of horses' home environments were recorded. Physical examinations, lameness evaluations, and nuclear scintigraphy were performed. Diagnosis of a BFD was made on the basis of results of clinical and scintigraphic examination. Each horse was treated with zoledronate (0.075 mg/kg [0.034 mg/lb, IV, once]) at the time of diagnosis. Horses were reevaluated 6 months after treatment.

RESULTS: Affected horses were from the central and coastal regions of California and had = 1 clinical sign of the disorder; these included scapular deformation (n = 2), lordosis (1), nonspecific signs of musculoskeletal pain (1), and lameness that could not be localized to a specific anatomic region (9). All horses had multiple sites of increased radiopharmaceutica uptake during initial scintigraphic evaluation of the axial skeleton and bones of 1 or both forelimbs. Six months after treatment, clinical improvement (defined as improvement in the lameness score, resolution of signs of musculoskeletal pain, or both) was detected in 9 of 10 horses; scintigraphic uptake was unchanged (n = 2) or subjectively decreased (8). No adverse effects attributed to zoledronate treatment were detected.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Treatment with zoledronate appeared to be useful in improving clinical outcome and scintigraphic findings in horses with a BFD; however, future placebo-controlled studies are necessary to accurately determine efficacy and long-term safety.

PMID: 22607600 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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