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Horse Breeds
First Posted: Aug 4, 2009
Jan 24, 2016

Maremmano, Maremmana or Tuscan Horse

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Country of Origin: Italy

Maremmano horses, also known as Maremmanas or Tuscan Horses, are bred in Tuscany and Latium in Italy. They are the traditional mounts of buttero, or Maremma cattle men, although they are also used for light draft and agricultural work.


The history of the Maremmano breed is not fully known, but it is thought that they were developed from North African stock that was combined with Spanish Barb, Barb, Neopolitan and Arabian blood. During the 1800s, Thoroughbred, Norfolk Roadster and other blood was probably added. By the end of the 1800s, the breed's characteristics had become fixed, although a studbook was not created until 1980.

For several decades, the original Maremanno type has been crossbred with additional Thoroughbred blood, resulting in a taller and more refined type, but at the expense of the hardiness and stamina of the original breed. Crossbreeding with Freiberger horses in the Pesaro province of Italy has resulted in a breed known as the Catria Horse. The pony of Monterufoli is also a variation on the Maremmano breed.

Physical Description

The Maremmano breed generally stands between 15 and 15.3 hands high, they are usually bay, brown, dark chestnut or black, although gray and roan are occasionally seen. They have a long, slightly heavy head, a muscular neck that is broad at the base, high, well-muscled withers, a full chest and sloping shoulders. The back is short, the croup sloping, and the legs solid and sturdy with good joints and strong hooves. The breed is known for their solidity and their ability to adapt to bad weather and rough terrain.


Maremmanos are the traditional mounts of Maremma cattle men, known as butteros, and are also used for light draft work. They have often been used as cavalry mounts and today they are used as mounts for the Italian Mounted Police.

For More Information:

Maremmano Horse
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Palio di Siena Horse Race

Horse Breeds