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Home First Posted: June 26, 2009
Aug 10, 2017

Horse Breed Index: Gaited, Non Gaited and Extinct

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This will be an on going list. Any suggestions that you may have, please e-mail me and I will add them to the list. Breeds are listed alphabetically.

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A "Gaited" horse is one which performs any of the four-beat natural gaits in place of or in addition to the trot. These gaits are the stepping pace, the rack, the running walk, saddle, single-foot, the classic fino, paso corto, paso largo, the tolt and the fox-trot. Pacers are also considered gaited horses. The pace is a 2-beat gait; however, it is performed with a lateral movement. Both feet on the same side of the horse move in unison. The left front and the left hind move together on the left side and the right front and the right hind move together on the right side. One can count, 1-2, 1-2. The fall of the feet is quite well defined. The pace is a difficult gait to ride and considered undesirable in the gaited horse community for a riding horse. This internal link will show you examples of the gaits as well as explain them: Horse Gaits Regular and Artificial (Footfalls)

Key: Gaited or Some of the Breed May Be Gaited

Ambling and DNA

Note: "Gaited horses are horse breeds that have selective breeding for natural gaited tendencies, that is, the ability to perform one of the smooth-to-ride, intermediate speed, four-beat horse gaits, collectively referred to as ambling gaits....In most 'gaited' breeds, an ambling gait is a hereditary trait. This mutation may be a dominant gene, in that even one copy of the mutated allele will produce gaitedness. However, some representatives of these breeds may not always gait. Conversely, some naturally trotting breeds not listed above may have ambling or 'gaited' ability, particularly with specialized training. Many horses can both trot and amble, and some horses pace in addition to the amble, instead of trotting. However, pacing in gaited horses is often, though not always, discouraged, though the gene that produces gaitedness appears to also produce pacing ability. Some horses do not naturally trot or pace easily, they prefer their ambling gait for their standard intermediate speed. A mutation on the gene DMRT3, which controls the spinal neurological circuits related to limb movement and motion, causes a "premature 'stop codon'" in horses with lateral ambling gaits." [Agricultural Communications, Texas A&M University System (5 September 2012). "'Gaited' Gene Mutation and Related Motion Examined". The Horse (Blood-Horse Publications). Retrieved 2012-09-06.} List of Gaited Horse Breeds

Key: Breed is extinct or the Registry is defuct.
Key: Breed is Feral


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