|First Posted June 29, 2009|
Sep 19, 2010
Gidrán and Shagya Arab
An exclusively chestnut Hungarian Anglo-Arabian, the Gidrán was developed at the Mezohegyes State Stud in 1816 with the import of the desert bred Arabian named Siglavy Gidrán. He was believed to be of the Seglawi Jedran strain. In 1817, this chestnut stallion known as Gidrán Senior, served Arabian, Turkish, Transylvanian, and Spanish-Naples mares. Six colts resulting from these mares went on to become chief stallions at Mezohegyes. In 1820, the Spanish-Naples mare, Arrogante, foaled the colt later to be Gidrán II. He became the breed's foundation stallion. Until 1855 the dams of the Gidrán chief stallions were 33% Arabian, 22% Transylvanian, 16% Spanish, 16% Nonius, 6% Hungarian native and 6% Gidrán mares. Then English Thoroughbreds were increasingly introduced, in 1893 Thoroughbred stallions were used in three generations subsequently improving the breed. The Shagya Arabian stallions Gazal III and Siglavy II were than used as chief stallions in order to establish a more stable Anglo-Arabian type. The result was a heterogeneous type known for their excellent jumping and galloping ability.
The modern Gidrán is a high quality riding and driving horse who have achieved recognition in international competitions. Particularly well known for their athletic ability, well-balanced temperaments, and sturdy builds. Gidrans excel in FEI disciplines where the breeds speed, endurance, agility, and courage are showcased.
An endangered breed, there are less than 200 Gidráns in the world. Sizes range 15.3 to 17.0 hands.
All breeding stallions must be inspected and licensed by the breeding committee to be used for breeding.
"The Shagya Arab originated at Bábolna. It is now bred in the Czech Republic, Austria, Romania, the former Yugoslavian countries, Poland, and Germany, as well as Hungary. The founding sire was the stallion Shagya, an Arab of the Kehilan/Siglavy strain, who was born in Syria in 1830. He was bought for Bábolna in 1836, together with seven other stallions and five mares. Shagya was big for an Arab horse, measuring 1.58 m (15.2 hh), and was said to be a distinctive cream colour, another unusual feature. He stood at Bábolna until 1842, and sired a number of successful sons who ensured the continuation of the Shagya dynasty. Their direct descendants now stand at studs all over Europe, as well as at Bábolna.
The Shagya Arab exhibits all the characteristics of the pure Arab, and may even display more quality and type than some modern pure-breds. It rarely stands less than 1.52 m (15 hh), and usually shows more bone and substance than the fashionable pure-breds of present-day show rings. It is essentially a practical horse, used under saddle as well as driven in harness. In the past the Shagya was used as the mount for the Hungarian hussar, the beau ideal of the light horseman, and as such proved itself to be a swift, enduring, and very hardy cavalry horse.
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